What Are The Two Main Branches Of Ethical Theories?

What are the six ethical theories?

Here, we take a brief look at (1) utilitarianism, (2) deontology, (3) social justice and social contract theory, and (4) virtue theory.

We are leaving out some important perspectives, such as general theories of justice and “rights” and feminist thought about ethics and patriarchy..

What is the difference between ethics and morals?

According to this understanding, “ethics” leans towards decisions based upon individual character, and the more subjective understanding of right and wrong by individuals – whereas “morals” emphasises the widely-shared communal or societal norms about right and wrong.

What are the two types of ethical theories?

There are two fundamental types of ethical theory: those based on the notion of choosing one’s actions so as to maximize the value or values to be expected as consequences of those actions (called consequentialist or teleological theories [from the Greek telos, meaning aim or purpose]; and those based on the notion of …

What are the main ethical theories?

The normative ethical theories that are briefly covered in this chapter are:Utilitarianism.Deontology.Virtue ethics.Ethics of care.Egoism.Religion or divine command theory.Natural Law.Social contract theory.More items…

What is ethics and branches of ethics?

Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that “involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior”. The field of ethics, along with aesthetics, concerns matters of value, and thus comprises the branch of philosophy called axiology.

What are the 3 major areas of ethics?

The field of ethics (or moral philosophy) involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong behavior. Philosophers today usually divide ethical theories into three general subject areas: metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.

What are 4 ethical theories?

Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.

What are the 7 principles of ethics?

The principles are beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, justice; truth-telling and promise-keeping.

What is a Metaethical theory?

Metaethics is a branch of analytic philosophy that explores the status, foundations, and scope of moral values, properties, and words. Whereas the fields of applied ethics and normative theory focus on what is moral, metaethics focuses on what morality itself is.

What are the two branches of ethics?

The three branches are metaethics, normative ethics (sometimes referred to as ethical theory), and applied ethics. Metaethics deals with whether morality exists.

What are the 3 types of ethics?

Ethical systems can generally be broken down into three categories: deontological, teleological and virtue-based ethics. The first two are considered deontic or action-based theories of morality because they focus entirely on the actions which a person performs.

What are the 5 theories of ethics?

Ethics-Related TheoriesRespect Autonomy: Individuals have the right to decide how they live their lives, as long as their actions do not interfere with the welfare of others. … Do No Harm: … Help Others: … Be Just: … Be Trustworthy: